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PDF X1226 Datasheet ( Hoja de datos )

Número de pieza X1226
Descripción Real Time Clock/Calendar with EEPROM
Fabricantes Xicor 
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X1226 datasheet

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X1226 pdf
X1226
ALARM REGISTERS
There are two alarm registers whose contents mimic the
contents of the RTC register, but add enable bits and
exclude the 24 hour time selection bit. The enable bits
specify which registers to use in the comparison between
the Alarm and Real Time Registers. For example:
– Setting the Enable Month bit (EMOn*) bit in combi-
nation with other enable bits and a specific alarm
time, the user can establish an alarm that triggers at
the same time once a year.
*n = 0 for Alarm 0: N = 1 for Alarm 1
When there is a match, an alarm flag is set. The occur-
rence of an alarm can be determined by polling the
AL0 and AL1 bits or by enabling the IRQ output, using
it as hardware flag.
The alarm enable bits are located in the MSB of the
particular register. When all enable bits are set to ‘0’,
there are no alarms.
indicator with a ‘1’ representing PM. The clock defaults
to standard time with H21=0.
Leap Years
Leap years add the day February 29 and are defined
as those years that are divisible by 4. Years divisible by
100 are not leap years, unless they are also divisible
by 400. This means that the year 2000 is a leap year,
the year 2100 is not. The X1226 does not correct for
the leap year in the year 2100.
STATUS REGISTER (SR)
The Status Register is located in the CCR memory
map at address 003Fh. This is a volatile register only
and is used to control the WEL and RWEL write
enable latches, read power status and two alarm bits.
This register is separate from both the array and the
Clock/Control Registers (CCR).
Table 2. Status Register (SR)
– The user can set the X1226 to alarm every Wednes-
day at 8:00 AM by setting the EDWn*, the EHRn*
and EMNn* enable bits to ‘1’ and setting the DWAn*,
HRAn* and MNAn* Alarm registers to 8:00 AM
Wednesday.
– A daily alarm for 9:30PM results when the EHRn*
and EMNn* enable bits are set to ‘1’ and the HRAn*
and MNAn* registers are set to 9:30 PM.
*n = 0 for Alarm 0: N = 1 for Alarm 1
REAL TIME CLOCK REGISTERS
Addr 7 6 5 4 3 2
10
003Fh BAT AL1 AL0 0 0 RWEL WEL RTCF
Default 0 0 0 0 0 0
01
BAT: Battery Supply—Volatile
This bit set to “1” indicates that the device is operating
from VBACK, not VCC. It is a read-only bit and is set/
reset by hardware (X1226 internally). Once the device
begins operating from VCC, the device sets this bit to
“0”.
Clock/Calendar Registers (SC, MN, HR, DT, MO, YR)
These registers depict BCD representations of the
time. As such, SC (Seconds) and MN (Minutes) range
from 00 to 59, HR (Hour) is 1 to 12 with an AM or PM
indicator (H21 bit) or 0 to 23 (with MIL=1), DT (Date) is
1 to 31, MO (Month) is 1 to 12, YR (Year) is 0 to 99.
Date of the Week Register (DW)
This register provides a Day of the Week status and
uses three bits DY2 to DY0 to represent the seven
days of the week. The counter advances in the cycle
0-1-2-3-4-5-6-0-1-2-… The assignment of a numerical
value to a specific day of the week is arbitrary and may
be decided by the system software designer. The
default value is defined as ‘0’.
24 Hour Time
If the MIL bit of the HR register is 1, the RTC uses a
24-hour format. If the MIL bit is 0, the RTC uses a 12-
hour format and H21 bit functions as an AM/PM
AL1, AL0: Alarm bits—Volatile
These bits announce if either alarm 0 or alarm 1 match
the real time clock. If there is a match, the respective
bit is set to ‘1’. The falling edge of the last data bit in a
SR Read operation resets the flags. Note: Only the AL
bits that are set when an SR read starts will be reset.
An alarm bit that is set by an alarm occurring during an
SR read operation will remain set after the read opera-
tion is complete.
RWEL: Register Write Enable Latch—Volatile
This bit is a volatile latch that powers up in the LOW
(disabled) state. The RWEL bit must be set to “1” prior
to any writes to the Clock/Control Registers. Writes to
RWEL bit do not cause a nonvolatile write cycle, so the
device is ready for the next operation immediately after
the stop condition. A write to the CCR requires both
the RWEL and WEL bits to be set in a specific
sequence.
REV 1.1.24 1/13/03
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Characteristics subject to change without notice. 5 of 24

5 Page

X1226 arduino
X1226
Figure 6. Slave Address, Word Address, and Data Bytes (64 Byte pages)
Device Identifier
Array
CCR
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
11
Slave Address Byte
1 R/W Byte 0
Word Address 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A8 Byte 1
Word Address 0
A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 Byte 2
Data Byte
D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
Byte 3
Write Operations
Byte Write
For a write operation, the device requires the Slave
Address Byte and the Word Address Bytes. This gives
the master access to any one of the words in the array
or CCR. (Note: Prior to writing to the CCR, the master
must write a 02h, then 06h to the status register in two
preceding operations to enable the write operation.
See “Writing to the Clock/Control Registers.” Upon
Figure 7. Byte Write Sequence
receipt of each address byte, the X1226 responds with
an acknowledge. After receiving both address bytes
the X1226 awaits the eight bits of data. After receiving
the 8 data bits, the X1226 again responds with an
acknowledge. The master then terminates the transfer
by generating a stop condition. The X1226 then begins
an internal write cycle of the data to the nonvolatile
memory. During the internal write cycle, the device
inputs are disabled, so the device will not respond to
any requests from the master. The SDA output is at high
impedance. See Figure 7.
Signals from
the Master
SDA Bus
Signals From
The Slave
S
t
a
r
Slave
t Address
Word
Address 1
Word
Address 0
1 1 110 0000000
AA
CC
KK
A
C
K
Data
S
t
o
p
A
C
K
Figure 8. Writing 30 bytes to a 64-byte memory page starting at address 40.
7 Bytes
Address
=6
REV 1.1.24 1/13/03
Address Pointer
Ends Here
Addr = 7
Address
40
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23 Bytes
Address
63
Characteristics subject to change without notice. 10 of 24

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