X1205 Hoja de datos PDF

PDF X1205 Datasheet ( Hoja de datos )

Número de pieza X1205
Descripción Real Time Clock/Calendar
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X1205 datasheet

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X1205 pdf
X1205 – Preliminary Information
Clock/Calendar Registers (SC, MN, HR, DT, MO, YR)
These registers depict BCD representations of the
time. As such, SC (Seconds) and MN (Minutes) range
from 00 to 59, HR (Hour) is 1 to 12 with an AM or PM
indicator (H21 bit) or 0 to 23 (with MIL=1), DT (Date) is
1 to 31, MO (Month) is 1 to 12, YR (Year) is 0 to 99.
Date of the Week Register (DW)
This register provides a Day of the Week status and
uses three bits DY2 to DY0 to represent the seven
days of the week. The counter advances in the cycle
0-1-2-3-4-5-6-0-1-2-… The assignment of a numerical
value to a specific day of the week is arbitrary and may
be decided by the system software designer. The
default value is defined as ‘0’.
24 Hour Time
If the MIL bit of the HR register is 1, the RTC uses a
24-hour format. If the MIL bit is 0, the RTC uses a 12-
hour format and H21 bit functions as an AM/PM indi-
cator with a ‘1’ representing PM. The clock defaults to
standard time with H21=0.
Leap Years
Leap years add the day February 29 and are defined
as those years that are divisible by 4. Years divisible by
100 are not leap years, unless they are also divisible
by 400. This means that the year 2000 is a leap year,
the year 2100 is not. The X1205 does not correct for
the leap year in the year 2100.
The Status Register is located in the CCR memory
map at address 003Fh. This is a volatile register only
and is used to control the WEL and RWEL write
enable latches, read two power status and two alarm
bits. This register is separate from both the array and
the Clock/Control Registers (CCR).
Table 2. Status Register (SR)
Addr 7
003Fh BAT
Default 0
BAT: Battery Supply—Volatile
This bit set to “1” indicates that the device is operating
from VBACK, not VCC. It is a read-only bit and is set/
reset by hardware (X1205 internally). Once the device
begins operating from VCC, the device sets this bit to
AL1, AL0: Alarm bits—Volatile
These bits announce if either alarm 0 or alarm 1 match
the real time clock. If there is a match, the respective
bit is set to ‘1’. The falling edge of the last data bit in a
SR Read operation resets the flags. Note: Only the AL
bits that are set when an SR read starts will be reset.
An alarm bit that is set by an alarm occurring during an
SR read operation will remain set after the read opera-
tion is complete.
RWEL: Register Write Enable Latch—Volatile
This bit is a volatile latch that powers up in the LOW
(disabled) state. The RWEL bit must be set to “1” prior
to any writes to the Clock/Control Registers. Writes to
RWEL bit do not cause a nonvolatile write cycle, so the
device is ready for the next operation immediately after
the stop condition. A write to the CCR requires both
the RWEL and WEL bits to be set in a specific
WEL: Write Enable Latch—Volatile
The WEL bit controls the access to the CCR and
memory array during a write operation. This bit is a
volatile latch that powers up in the LOW (disabled)
state. While the WEL bit is LOW, writes to the CCR or
any array address will be ignored (no acknowledge will
be issued after the Data Byte). The WEL bit is set by
writing a “1” to the WEL bit and zeroes to the other bits
of the Status Register. Once set, WEL remains set
until either reset to 0 (by writing a “0” to the WEL bit
and zeroes to the other bits of the Status Register) or
until the part powers up again. Writes to WEL bit do
not cause a nonvolatile write cycle, so the device is
ready for the next operation immediately after the stop
RTCF: Real Time Clock Fail Bit—Volatile
This bit is set to a ‘1’ after a total power failure. This is
a read only bit that is set by hardware (X1205 inter-
nally) when the device powers up after having lost all
power to the device. The bit is set regardless of
whether VCC or VBACK is applied first. The loss of only
one of the supplies does not result in setting the RTCF
bit. The first valid write to the RTC after a complete
power failure (writing one byte is sufficient) resets the
RTCF bit to ‘0’.
Unused Bits:
This device does not use bits 3 or 4 in the SR, but
must have a zero in these bit positions. The Data Byte
output during a SR read will contain zeros in these bit
REV 1.0.9 8/29/02
Characteristics subject to change without notice. 5 of 22

5 Page

X1205 arduino
X1205 – Preliminary Information
Stop and Write Modes
Stop conditions that terminate write operations must
be sent by the master after sending at least 1 full data
byte and it’s associated ACK signal. If a stop is issued
in the middle of a data byte, or before 1 full data byte +
ACK is sent, then the X1205 resets itself without per-
forming the write. The contents of the array are not
Figure 9. Acknowledge Polling Sequence
Byte load completed
by issuing STOP.
Enter ACK Polling
Acknowledge Polling
Disabling of the inputs during nonvolatile write cycles
can be used to take advantage of the typical 5mS write
cycle time. Once the stop condition is issued to indi-
cate the end of the master’s byte load operation, the
X1205 initiates the internal nonvolatile write cycle.
Acknowledge polling can begin immediately. To do this,
the master issues a start condition followed by the
Slave Address Byte for a write or read operation. If the
X1205 is still busy with the nonvolatile write cycle then
no ACK will be returned. When the X1205 has com-
pleted the write operation, an ACK is returned and the
host can proceed with the read or write operation.
Refer to the flow chart in Figure 9.
Read Operations
There are three basic read operations: Current
Address Read, Random Read, and Sequential Read.
Issue Slave
Address Byte
(Read or Write)
Issue STOP
nonvolatile write
Cycle complete. Continue
command sequence?
Issue STOP
Continue normal
Read or Write
Current Address Read
Internally the X1205 contains an address counter that
maintains the address of the last word read incre-
mented by one. Therefore, if the last read was to
address n, the next read operation would access data
from address n+1. Upon receipt of the Slave Address
Byte with the R/W bit set to one, the X1205 issues an
acknowledge, then transmits eight data bits. The mas-
ter terminates the read operation by not responding
with an acknowledge during the ninth clock and issuing
a stop condition. Refer to Figure 8 for the address,
acknowledge, and data transfer sequence.
It should be noted that the ninth clock cycle of the read
operation is not a “don’t care.” To terminate a read
operation, the master must either issue a stop condi-
tion during the ninth cycle or hold SDA HIGH during
the ninth clock cycle and then issue a stop condition.
Figure 8. Current Address Read Sequence
Signals from
the Master
Signals from
the Slave
a Slave
r Address
11 0 11 1 11
REV 1.0.9 8/29/02
Characteristics subject to change without notice. 10 of 22

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